The people represented by Cora’s letters surrendered to the Japanese because they were ordered to do so. By the time they capitulated their lives were in serious peril due to lack of food, supplies, ammunition, and many suffered from at least three different life-threatening diseases. The Japanese were hell bent on killing them all. Truly it appears that all of the people involved in this conflict were “Expendable”.

. . . in the background the whole tragic panorama of the Philippine campaign–(was) America’s little Dunkirk.


We are a democracy, running a war. If our mistakes are concealed from us, they can never be corrected. Facts are frequently and properly withheld in a war, because the enemy would take advantage of our weaknesses if he knew them. But this story now can safely be told because the sad chapter is ended. The Japanese knew just how inadequate our equipment was, because they destroyed or captured practically all of it.


I have been wandering in and out of wars since 1939, and many times before have I seen the sad young men come out of battle – come with the whistle of flying steel and the rumble of falling walls still in their ears, come out the the fat, well-fed cities behind the lines, where the complacent citizens always choose from the newsstands those papers whose headlines proclaim every skirmish as a magnificent victory.


. . . the sad young men back from battle wander as strangers in a strange land, talking a grim language or realism which the smug citizenry doesn’t understand, trying to tell of a tragedy which few enjoy hearing.


. . . sad young men differ from those I have talked to in Europe only in that they are Americans, and the tragedy they bear witness to is our own failure, and the smugness they struggle against is our own complacency.


– W. L. White, They Were Expendable


The locations listed here represent:
Battlefields, both in the water and on land
Prison Camps in the Philippines, Other islands in the Pacific, Taiwan, Manchuria and Japan